NEAR INFARED CIRCULAR POLARIZATION IMAGES OF NGC 6334 V
We present results from deep imaging polarimetry measurements of circularly and linearly polarized light towards the massive star forming region NGC 6334-V. These observations show high degrees of circular polarization (CP) in the Ks band of as much as 22 % with an asymmetric positive/negative pattern, measured in the infrared nebula associated with the outflow. The CP region is very extended (~80″ or 0.65 pc). Both the large CP and the extended size of the CP region are comparable to those seen in the Orion CP region. The CP pattern is shifted along the axial axis and such an asymmetry does not conform to the classical alternating symmetry seen in other objects and models.
The asymmetry may be a clue indicating the range of influence of a helical field. Three-dimensional Monte Carlo light-scattering models are used to show that this may occur with a scattering geometry, which contains a dusty envelope surrounding the accretion disk as well as aligned grains. The detection of the large and extended CP in this source and the Orion supports the CP origin of the biological homochirality on Earth.
Anjali John K
Association of Polar faculae with the Polar magnetic patches as observed by Hinode
The polar region of the Sun, as observed with Hinode SOT/SP is found to be covered by patches that harbour strong magnetic field and that the large unipolar patches with flux > 10^18 Mx determine the polarity of the polar field. It is also observed that there are small
bipolar patches (< 1018Mx) with balanced flux in the polar region. The polar faculae, the small-scale bright magnetic structures observed at heliographic latitudes > 70 deg., have been considered as a good proxy for the polar magnetic field. The aim of this study is to understand the magnetic properties of faculae, which are believed to be associated with the polar magnetic patches. We analysed data of the north polar region taken by the Hinode/SOT- spectropolarimeter (SP) in September 2007. There are patches without faculae and they outnumber those with faculae. Faculae are present in all the patches with flux > 10^19 Mx. Magnetic patches are not uniformly bright but contain smaller faculae inside. We find that a positive correlation exists between total flux and intensity of faculae within the magnetic patches and that the faculae intensity depends on cosine of the heliocentric angle .